عنوان مقاله [English]
This is the definition of soft power in political science. Soft power is the ability of a country to use the tools of influence on other existing systems. Cinema as media of the mass and a popular form of media is one of the most significant cultural tools of soft power. Resistance identity explains a specific type of relation between identity and power. In this research the concept of soft war has been explained by the perspective of Joseph Nye. Also resistance identity has been explained with help of Manuel Castells on the issue. Nye believes that there are three sources of soft power; values of domestic and foreign policy and culture. This research focuses on the cultural aspect. To explain the components of culture, Nye uses literature and art. He has given some examples of American cinema in order to explain the influence of art, especially cinema and television, as soft power among different forms of power and their relations.
Castells believes identity resistance comes first as part of resistance itself but with advocating its programs through time, it might become an institute among other institutes of dominance. After this, through studying contemporary Palestinian cinema, the research explains how cinema has become the resistance identity and a tool of soft power in Palestine. The research analyses different periods Palestinian cinema in order to explain how Palestinian identity uses cinema to resist against hard power and after global success of Palestinian cinema, it becomes a tool of soft power.