عنوان مقاله [English]
Social media provides a platform for their users that users can communicate with other users and set an effective messaging system at the fastest time. Now if news published in this social media was fake, users are deceived by this news and their social decisions are likely to be unusual. As in the post-truth era, users have explained for reasons that have been described in different societies with many research, People refuse analyzing received information, they are almost be deceived by types of harmful information. In this new era, a complete understanding of dimensions, goals and consequences of fake news, which is an emerging and harmful phenomenon, is necessary to combat with its destructive dimensions. In this essay, by studying the scientific documents and do interviews, four themes were presented by thematic analysis; "difference between fake news and news", "similarity between fake news and news", "the goals of fake news production" and "the consequences of fake news". So fake news in components such as news formats, organizational and professionalism in producing is similar to real news and in some components such as production on the informal media platform, it's different from the real news. The fake news is spread for purposes such as creating psychological warfare and providing financial, political and ideological profits to producers. Fake news has consequences such as jeopardizing national security and the general psyche of the society and raising the possibility of making wrong decisions based on false information.